Although the impact of avant-garde arts on the development of modern children’s literature in different European and non-European countries has been stressed by several scholars, this relationship has been hardly investigated so far. Many renowned artists belonging to avant-garde movements, such as Symbolism, Surrealism, Cubism, Expressionism, Dadaism, and Constructivism, created aesthetically demanding works for children, ranging from picturebooks to poetry, fairy tales, and novels for children. To this group belong Salvador Bartolozzi, Karel Capek, Blaise Cendrars, Aleksandr Deineka, Lyonel Feininger, El Lissitzky, Vladimir Lebedev, Joan Miró, Bruno Munari, Nathalie Parain, Kurt Schwitters, and Arne Ungermann, to name just a few. In addition, avant-garde works for children paved the way for the modernization of children’s literature in the 1920s and after. They introduced new aesthetic and narrative concepts into children’s books, therefore regarded as milestones in the history of European children’s literature.
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